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This, of course, is only a conjecture, but it is remarkable that, at both cities, the Alexan- drine tetradrachms of Mller’s Class V merge into those of Class VI (Mller, Nos.

This coincidence seems to indicate that Ephesus and Aradus, two great commercial cities of the coasts of Asia Minor and Phoenicia respectively, may have found it to their mutual advantage about this time to conclude a monetary treaty, according to which each city might secure a free circulation for her coins on the markets of the other. 198, and that the autonomous drachms of Attic weight issued at Ephesus during the greater part of the second century are also identical in type with the drachms of Aradus dated 174-110 B.

ΚΟΙΝΟΝ ΙΓΠΟΑΕΩΝΠΡΟΜΚΛΦΡΟΝΤΩΝΑCΙΑΡΧΚΑΙΑΡΧΙΙΓΠΟΑΕΩΝ= stood partly on the mainland and partly on a small island on the southern shore of the Gulf of Smyrna. 38), who relates, on the authority of Artemon, that such a monster once infested the Clazomenian territory. 326, where they are conjecturally assigned to Lampsacus. 9); Sarapis seated; Dionysos holding kantharos over panther; Zeus atophoros naked to front (Ibid., Pl. 11); Naked warrior, armed, charging, and looking back (Ibid., Pl. At Clarus, in the territory of Colophon, stood the famous temple and oracle of Apollo (Paus., vii. The old town of Colophon was destroyed by Lysimachus, B. 299, but the name seems to have been transferred to its port, Notium, and it was upon this town that the Romans conferred freedom in B. 4) as a mercenary soldier at the court of Amasis, whose service he deserted for that of Cambyses on his invasion of Egypt in B. The relation of the inscription to the type is in so far certain that it seems to mean ‘I am the signet of Phanes’. 238) regarded it as referable only to the type and to the cultus of the goddess Artemis; and he suggested as a translation ‘I am the sign of the Bright one’. 469, which marked the commencement of the Athenian hegemony, the following coins may be assigned:— In this period Ephesus, which had revolted from Athens after the Sicilian disaster, and had become dependent first upon the Persians and then upon the Spartans, struck silver with types similar to those of the preceding period, but on a somewhat heavier standard, identical with the so-called Rhodian standard.

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With a very few excep- tions the remainder can only be generally classed to the western coast of Asia Minor, where nearly all the extant specimens have been found.

Some few pieces may, however, have been struck in Thrace or Thasos, and possibly in Aegina, but these are exceptional. [1] As the current value of electrum seems to have stood in the earliest times as 1 to 10 in relation to silver, the weight of the electrum stater in each district would naturally be regulated by the standard used for weighing silver in that district.

Its port, Notium, gradually absorbed the greater part of the population of the upper town, and most of the later coins were doubtless struck at this New Colophon. Chief types: Apollo ΚΛΑΡΙΟC seated; ΑΡΤΕΜΙC ΚΛΑΡΙΑ, Cultus- statue resembling Artemis Ephesia; Apollo Klarios seated between standing figures of Artemis and Nemesis; Homer seated holding half- open scroll; Naked boxer; The thirteen cities of the Ionian League standing in semicircle before the temple of Apollo Klarios, in front of which is a bull approaching a flaming altar,—inscr. On either side stands a stag raising its head to the image of the goddess. 394 the Athenian Conon expelled the Spartan oligarchies from most of the Asiatic coast-towns.

The old city of Colophon was situated about twenty miles north-west of Ephesus, and some miles from the coast. She is many-breasted, and from each of her hands hangs a long fillet with tassels at the extremities.

414 sqq.) would also attribute the satrapal tetradrachms and bronze coins with Persian types—obv.

The occurrence of the Ionian form of the name Pythagoras, coupled with the fact that the bronze coins (B. But, on the other hand, the Indian provenance of most of the tetra- drachms (Num. 5) makes it doubtful whether these coins, of purely Persian types, may not have been issued by Ionians in one of The eastern satrapies of the Persian empire shortly after Alexander's death; for, from the edicts of Asoka (circ.

An electrum stater would thus be readily exchangeable for ten silver pieces of its own weight. 15.] The motives of the two last described coins are remarkable; that of the stater resembles the Lion-gate of Mycenae and some early Phrygian monuments of the ninth and eighth centuries B.

Electrum coins are known of the following maximum weights: Euboc, 269 grs. (stater); Babylonic, 167 grs.; Phocac, 254- 248 grs.; Phoenician, 220-215 grs.; Aeginetic (? Halves, Thirds, Sixths, Twelfths, Twenty-fourths, Forty-eighths, and even Ninety-sixths, of the stater are also met with, but the Hecte or Sixth was the denomination which was in most common use.

During this period Ephesus was for the most part attached to the dominions of the Ptolemies.

The series of autonomous tetradrachms now came to an end, but the pieces of 88 grs., with halves and quarters, continued to be struck, probably because they passed as thirds, &c., of the Attic tetradrachms of Lysimachus.

[British Museum Catalogue of Greek Coins, Ionia, by B. Head, 1892; Babelon, Trait des Monnaies grecques et romaines, ii. Gold and silver, which from time immemorial had been the universal media of exchange, had no real need of such warrants.

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